Chicago Timezone Linux

Click the "Dash" icon, and then type "terminal" in. Phishing is a two-part scam involving an email or PM. Windows 7/8/10 contains a Time Zone Utility (tzutil) to manage available time zones and set the current time zone. You can use the time zone option to change the system time zone used by your Oracle DB instance. Magento is leading enterprise-class e-commerce platform built on open source technology combining powerful features with flexibility and user friendly interface. The hardware clock is enabled once the system is shut down. Years, Months, Days, Hours, Minutes, Seconds-these can all be values of PostgreSQL date time data types. This converter can show the time difference between UTC time zone and another selected time zone. If you are a new customer, register now for access to product evaluations and purchasing capabilities. ' Different countries follow different time zones and this page will help you find out countries and their time zones and list of cities coming withing one timezone. The active timezone used on your system is in the /etc/localtime file. We are the trusted time resource for many of the biggest corporations and companies around the world! Our database is self-hosted option so you don't have to rely on API's or another company's server for accurate time zone info. Learn how businesses are using location intelligence to gain competitive advantage. Due to the size of some countries and the location of places that come under their jurisdiction, one country can be divided into a number of time zones. The following table contains a list of time zones supported by Oracle Real-Time Collaboration. js moment-timezone-with-data. This manual method is for archival purposes only. This section is where you edit the Snipe-IT configuration file to reflect your own settings, such as your database credentials, mail server, preferred language, timezone, and so on. Time zone list / Epoch to time zone converter There is only one Unix time and it is created by using the UTC/GMT time zone. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal Standard Time is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time is UTC+05:30). To set the time zone for display, use the clock timezone command in Admin Configuration mode or Global Configuration mode. pacific ocean region time zones and current times Most countries in Oceania and the Central Pacific Ocean Region do not use Daylight Saving Time. AVAILABLE ZONES. I have a C++ Class through which I want to get TimeZone Information of the system. Exact time now, time zone, time difference, sunrise/sunset time and key facts for Chicago, Illinois, United States. conf I have HARDWARECLOCK="localtime" and TIMEZONE="America/Chicago". Let’s take an insider’s approach and look into the process of strategy creation, based on the differences in timezones on different continents. ADI offers model-based systems engineering software, integrated systems, and services for industry projects in aerospace, defense, marine, and energy markets. Flex your contact center capabilities 40% in hours, 250% in days. (04, 2016) - Ultimately, I went a different route. Date has no concept of time zone, and only represents the number of seconds passed since the Unix epoch time - 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z. Most Recent DST Transition. The TZ environment variable is designed to do the job. A free multi-site incremental XMLTV EPG grabber. About The Forex Time Zone Converter The foreign exchange ("forex" or "FX") currency market is not traded on a regulated exchange like stocks and commodities. Get A Freelancer USA is the best place on the web to find quality freelance programmers right here in America! Don't waste time messing around with other websites that are full of scams. This article describes the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) time servers that are available on the Internet. It offers a tool called timdedatectl for updating the timezone in systemd system. Then it would just hang Chicago on EDT. A Thrill Ride between two of Rio's Hotel towers! Fun and popular Las Vegas thrill rides, Book your ride today! Call - (702) 388 0477. Intermedia is a leading one-stop shop for Unified Communications, Exchange email, VoIP, file sharing, & other business cloud services. Daylight Saving Time (DST) in effect? Yes. img rescue label local. We believe communities are built on top of positive reinforcements. You can set timezone for many common programs like PHP or MySQL server. The timezone is set to US/Central, but the Date object in node doesn't seem to recognize this. Oracle GoldenGate 12c: Integrate Big Data, The course covers the Oracle GoldenGate 12c (12. With CentOS 6 and 6. RELATED: Linux Users Have a Choice: 8 Linux Desktop Environments. Some Handy Linux Command Line Tricks Delete All JSON files in a directory. Rosacea: Overview. Our goal is to help users easily find the local time and locations for a area code. The Arise Platform enables the most scalable customer service from an outsourcing partner. World Clock Time Zone Map Europe Time Map Australia Time Map US Time Map Canada Time Map World Time Directory World Map Free Clocks Contact Us Actual current time in Chicago, United States, DST, Daylight Savings Time conversion dates 2019, GMT offset, fall time change 2019 Chicago clock. Utilizing over 20 years of experience supporting a wide variety of operating systems and services in an enterprise environment. That will be your clue for the time zone offset on this Moon Void of Course date list. Whether you're looking for an award-winning Android smartphone, a retro favourite or your next accessory, you'll find it here at Nokia Phones. To check the current time zone on Linux, use the command: “timedatectl | grep ‘Time zone’”. Flex your contact center capabilities 40% in hours, 250% in days. A list of US 'time zone IDs' for use with java. Blue Prism Digital Exchange (DX) The DX is a storefront for easily downloading disruptive and AI-enabled capabilities into your process automations — the power of choice with no coding required. me with you, anywhere. News and various programs are delivered in English 24 hours a day. timezone="America/Chicago" Add the above line to the end of the php. Get A Freelancer USA is the best place on the web to find quality freelance programmers right here in America! Don't waste time messing around with other websites that are full of scams. We also strive to make all content in Speedtest apps accessible. org, a friendly and active Linux Community. And it just gives me GMT. Timezone: GMT. Linux is a multiuser system. Let's create a simple program that will display date, time and timezone. The default will vary depending on your server. Your computer stores the time in a hardware clock on its motherboard. Knowing the correct date and time are for your location prevents you from missing or running late to meetings. USA Time Zone Map with Cities and States - live clock Below is a time zone map of United States with cities and states and with real live clock. UTC Time Zone Converter. But he's not a politician. Chicago USA Time and New York USA Time Converter Calculator, Chicago Time and New York Time Conversion Table. TimeZone If you program in Java and have to convert dates and times between different timezones then you will know that the Date, Calendar & TimeZone objects of the java. To be absolutely certain. My date and time settings are set to automatic Chicago. Salesforce Trailblazer Community Search. Linux check at /etc/localtime to determine the current time of your machine. The UTC offsets are for the current or upcoming rules, and may have been different in the past. MuleSoft provides the most widely used integration platform (Mule ESB & CloudHub) for connecting SaaS & enterprise applications in the cloud and on-premise. ZERO1 Data Protection is not a start up company…. It is used by IT service management, customer service and corporate security help desks to better structure their communication and tasks. Accuon AcuRite Ashton Better Homes & Gardens Chaney Instruments Chicago Lighthouse Control Brand Fox Valley Traders Global Industrial Ken-Tech Ken_Tech La Crosse Technology LaCrosse Lorell Marathon Marathon Watch Company MaxiAids Reizen SKILCRAFT SONNET INDUSTRIES Sangean Sharp Sonnet Sonnet Industries Taylor The Stupell Home Decor Collection. System Center blog posts are now located in our new home on the Microsoft Tech Community. The timezone you define in the siteini, should be the timezone of the start/stop times on the site. all_timezones. But he's not a politician. Manage your Nagios installation with the web-based GUI NagiosQL. Each Hadoop component or NoSQL database is adequately introduced, the various parameters and configuration options are explained and. However, many admins (and their servers) do not need this level of compliance with timestamps and world time, so the timezone can be changed at any time:. The time actually set appears to be an hour off, that is, 2200 instead of 2100. ini File Posted on March 14, 2012 by Tim Sisson If you notice the incorrect time in your PHP scripts, the likely culprit is that the hosting server is in a different timezone. date]: It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. xml version number using Shell script - Scenario 1 Guys, in todays post we'll look into an example where we want to extract version number from pom. Find out why customers rank CST highest for antibody specificity and sensitivity. To rebuild the timezone definition files, use the timezone compiler, zic(8), on the appropriate source file. and would change the zone. If you have a Debian/Ubuntu container that is set to the wrong timezone and doesn't have the normal tools for setting that timezone, here's how to do it. There are 563 active servers in this zone. You are *required* to use the date. Flex your contact center capabilities 40% in hours, 250% in days. And of course you can do it with JVM. This post illustrates how to change timezone setting for Grid Infrastructure after installation. 'UTC-6' is a "POSIX-style time zone specification" which is just an abbreviation plus offset. It is a a 64 linux with 10. Central Standard Time and Hong Kong Time Converter Calculator, CST and HKT Conversion Table. Learn how businesses are using location intelligence to gain competitive advantage. If you choose not to use the Ubuntu Linux operating system that is installed by default with PowerVM NovaLink software, install the PowerVM NovaLink software on a Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). It can show the most accurate time now at any selected point on earth. "If the database time zone is set to US/Pacific , then it will return US/Pacific. Engadget is the original home for technology news and reviews. Hovering the mouse over any location on the map will show the map will show the altitude of the Sun as seen from that location. This post illustrates how to change timezone setting for Grid Infrastructure after installation. Phishing warning. Current local time in Philippines - Manila. Rapid7 powers the practice of SecOps by delivering shared visibility, analytics, and automation to unite security, IT, and DevOps teams. util package are the way to go. From national coverage and issues to local headlines and stories across the country, the Star is your home for Canadian news and perspectives. You can verify that your timezone was set correctly by simply. Create and edit web-based documents, spreadsheets, and presentations. 2+; add some hooks so other modules can jump in and do things with timezone info, but otherwise make no changes to. I can't guarantee that this is 100% accurate but it is much better than what I had found on the internet previously. This means the API only accepts certain tz database codes, which the following table lists:. world time zone map large – The World Factbook How to Read World Time Zone Map Taiwan Time Zone Taiwan Current Time Types of Maps Topographic Political Climate and More map of time zones in north america Cosmographics new map products to map news case stu s The joy of timezones World Time Zone Map […]. A free multi-site incremental XMLTV EPG grabber. The time zones can be, for example, your local time zone, the time zone of another business location, and the time zone of a city that you often travel to. craigslist provides local classifieds and forums for jobs, housing, for sale, services, local community, and events. Have dirtied my hands with timezone code a few times. Click Save to apply your settings. img rescue label local. The active timezone used on your system is in the /etc/localtime file. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. The official home of the Python Programming Language. How to change MySQL server time zone Posted on November 26, 2012 by Jacob Nicholson In this article we’ll discuss how you can change the MySQL time zone on your server so that data stored in your databases will by default use the time zone that you have specified. selector/php. An affiliate advisory newsletter service that lets you shadow experienced former Chicago Board Options Exchange® (CBOE) floor traders to get recommendations for opening, adjusting, and closing option trades. The table lists each server's name, IP address, and location, organized geographically within the US from North to South and then from East to West. Locale names are typically of the form language[_territory][. I'm setting the timezone to GMT+6 on my Linux machine by copying the zoneinfo file to /etc/localtime, but the date command is still showing the time as UTCtime-6. 0 Online Help. The active timezone used on your system is in the /etc/localtime file. An explicit non-goal is locale handling. List of international country codes and dialing prefixes. A UTC offset is the difference in time between UTC time and a location's observed time. The Pacific Time Zone refers to a time zone which observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Greenwich Mean Time (UTC/GMT -8). Nuix creates innovative software that empowers organizations to simply and quickly find the truth from any data in a digital world. TimeZone If you program in Java and have to convert dates and times between different timezones then you will know that the Date, Calendar & TimeZone objects of the java. Fix Ubuntu TimeDateCTL NTP Sync No. Try to put the patch and see. Some of the con±gurations I was tasked with setting up were, setting the time zone, creating a user account, initializing the drive and provisioning the disk size allocation, as well as several other basic con±gurations. The offset (ahead or behind) UTC in hours, as displayed in Table 1-1, is in effect during winter time. We should introduce a session local timezone setting that is used for execution. Consider asking this as a question on Unix & Linux, So unless you pick some time zone configuration to match each offset, or. Add a clock widget Touch and hold any empty section of a Home screen. Please type the characters you see above: Create account. That will change the timezone in the current session and should prevail upon reboots. From designing responsive activewear to zero-waste pattern making, students at London College of Fashion use Microsoft technology to revolutionize the fashion industry. Calendar class. Consider time synchronization. Chicago USA Time and New York USA Time Converter Calculator, Chicago Time and New York Time Conversion Table. 1 (but upgraded to 5. 63-1+2013h_all NAME DateTime::TimeZone::Catalog - Provides a list of all valid time zone names SYNOPSIS See DateTime::TimeZone for API details. Should you need any further info, please let me know. 1-1 Logs showing just prior to the time zone. eg: TZ=UTC date #to display the current time/date using the UTC timezone. We are Hiring. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Zabbix 3. Betternet free VPN provides you with a better internet on all devices to unblock any websites, protect your privacy against hackers and surf the web anonymously. We've got 1 shorthand for Mountain Time » What is the abbreviation for Mountain Time? Looking for the shorthand of Mountain Time?This page is about the various possible meanings of the acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term: Mountain Time. XMLTV is a very popular XML based file format for describing TV listings. The tz database is also known as tzdata, the zoneinfo database or IANA time zone database, and occasionally as the Olson database, referring to the founding contributor, Arthur David Olson. 5 it was simple as copying the correct timezone to the localtime in the /etc/ directory from /usr/share/zoneinfo directory. I'm having the same problem. Timezone as per dictionary meaning is - 'Any of the 24 regions of the globe (loosely divided by longitude) throughout which the same standard time is used. 3 then all the time zone related errors disappeared. Timezone: GMT. 63-1+2013h_all NAME DateTime::TimeZone::Catalog - Provides a list of all valid time zone names SYNOPSIS See DateTime::TimeZone for API details. The Opportunity: As a DevOps Engineer, you will own the reliability, efficiency, and speed of our delivery pipeline. This article describes the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) time servers that are available on the Internet. There are 656 active servers in this zone. It help users to perform many actions easily in Linux system. You can change your clock’s settings, including the date, time, and time zone. NYSE Chicago BBO feed is a real-time data feed that provides NYSE Chicago Quotes (best bid/ask quotations) for all NYSE Chicago-traded securities. News, email and search are just the beginning. Your customizable and curated collection of the best in trusted news plus coverage of sports, entertainment, money, weather, travel, health and lifestyle, combined with Outlook/Hotmail, Facebook. Restart Nginx and PHP-FPM. Surfing the Internet, it is easy to find many strategies, which will give you a number of various recommendations. Location of Timezone files Timezone files are located at /usr/share/zoninfo/. Check official timezones, exact actual time and daylight savings time conversion dates in 2019 for Mechanicsburg, PA, United States of America - fall time change 2019 - DST to Eastern Standard Time. Award-winning restaurants, quick service establishments and lots of local flava make Boston Logan the perfect place for a meal before or after a flight. Geography is central to the work of the Census Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, and dissemination. Google Earth in Action The India Literacy Project teamed up with Google Earth to take children around India on virtual field trips and learn. Note: The latest version of the timezone database can be installed via PECL's » timezonedb. This is the offset to add to UTC to get local time. Piazza is a free online gathering place where students can ask, answer, and explore 24/7, under the guidance of their instructors. Vultr Global Cloud Hosting - Brilliantly Fast SSD VPS Cloud Servers. Why is the most common date format in the US like mm/dd/yyyy, whereas in Europe (including the UK) it's more common to have dd/mm/yyyy?. The 7th African Land Forces Summit comes to a close in Gaborone, Botswana, June 27, 2019. Well, you might consider using this technical need as a push to migrate to 9i (you are after all doing some NEW DEVELOPMENT HERE, this isn't maintenance on an existing system, this is new development -- either a brand new app or version 2 of an existing one). craigslist provides local classifieds and forums for jobs, housing, for sale, services, local community, and events. What is Swift? The OpenStack Object Store project, known as Swift, offers cloud storage software so that you can store and retrieve lots of data with a simple API. To play a game Select the disk from the menu. This weekend's PC game deals include giveaways from Ubisoft and the Epic Games Store that are hosting Fez and For Honor for free, a host of new free events, and even more sales to check out. It is a a 64 linux with 10. $ grep timezone /etc/php. Setting the TZ Environment Variable on Linux The Update Checklist for v2015. You can set the TZ and make this change permanent. In article we are using centos 7. Don't be intimidated by the length of this page. -1 or +5 etc? I need to do this as I'm writing an application to adjust timeoffset or report logs and the only info I have is the user IP. ” Todd Wilson, Director of Platform Engineering, REI. If a host thinks it is in a -6 time zone relative to GMT and the time server issues a GMT time, then if the time zone for everybody else is really -5, the user of that host will have a skewed perception of local time. Since the world is divided into time zones based on how and when the day and night cycles occur, each of the zones represents a positive or negative offset from the central UTC time. The example below shows how to set it for. The hardware clock is enabled once the system is shut down. com is supported by its audience. Universal Time ( UTC ) to Your Local Time and Worldwide Time Conversions, Conversion Time Chart between Universal Time and Local Time. Click this link for information about posting images. America/Chicago Time Zone in United States. Current local time in Philippines - Manila. Timezone files are located in /usr/share. RELATED: Linux Users Have a Choice: 8 Linux Desktop Environments. This page lists all countries of the world, plus major regions and cities, grouped by their current UTC offset. See the operating system documentation if a similar method is unavailable in your environment. Get A Freelancer USA is the best place on the web to find quality freelance programmers right here in America! Don't waste time messing around with other websites that are full of scams. I'm having the same problem. Setting the time and timezone. img rescue label local. The thick yellow line shows where sunset and sunrise are currently occurring. The PBS NewsHour is an hour-long evening news broadcast, hosted by Judy Woodruff which offers news updates, analysis, live studio interviews, discussions and foreign and domestic reports to put. A virtual machine with a Linux-CentOS and a ready-to-use Geant4 installation will be provided in the next weeks, together with the installation instructions. I upgraded the database to 10. It cannot retrieve a time zone object that is created using the CreateCustomTimeZone method. I want to see date and time in my timezone in log files. A hardware clock is different from the system clock which is managed by the Linux kernel. AppDynamics provides real-time monitoring of your applications to detect anomalies and keep your business running smoothly. Why don't Windows/Linux use relational databases (RDBMS)? I know they use file systems to store all data but don't you think it is more efficient to use databases like we use in web sites/web apps?. The Chef Effortless Infrastructure Suite offers visibility into security and compliance status across all infrastructure and makes it easy to detect and correct issues long before they reach production. Notice how there has been no mention of that Chicago song in this article whatsoever. You are *required* to use the date. php, the Default timezone changes to America/Chicago instead of UTC. It focuses on incident response and computer forensics. ALFS is a four-day seminar that brings together land forces chiefs from across Africa to discuss topics of common interest. The value of the timezone can be altered with the below JVM argument, which is set as per our Setting Properties and Options on Startup documentation. After that I read the List of tz database timezones article on Wikipedia, and copied the America/Costa_Rica zonefile to /etc/localtime. To set the time zone for display, use the clock timezone command in Admin Configuration mode or Global Configuration mode. The PHP development team has announced the release of PHP 7. 562 (+1) active 1 day ago560 (+3) active 7 days ago556 (+7) active 14 days ago558 (+5) active 60 days ago531 (+32) active 180 days ago. The manual on Time Zones: PostgreSQL allows you to specify time zones in three different forms: A full time zone name, for example America/New_York. Register now to compete with top developers worldwide, and win exciting prizes!. We're not using a hosted version. Some of the con±gurations I was tasked with setting up were, setting the time zone, creating a user account, initializing the drive and provisioning the disk size allocation, as well as several other basic con±gurations. Technology Blvd Suite 350 Rosemont, IL 60018. Learn about our benefits and work culture. For example if a server was located in Chicago, and a time needed to be converted between Pacific SA Standard Time and U. Make note of the appropriate folder and file for your timezone. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. 5) In the timezone CDT (America/Chicago). Of course you don't have to set up timezone on CentOS 7 if you use one of our Managed CentOS VPS hosting services, in which case you can simply ask our expert Linux admins to set up time zone on CentOS 7 for you. When I click on the individual appointment it shows 2 times the central timezone and the eastern timezone. S Tested with JDK 1. But he's not a politician. This article provides links to third-party tools that you can use to interact with …. Hulu and Hulu Plus support Linux. There are 656 active servers in this zone. AppDynamics provides real-time monitoring of your applications to detect anomalies and keep your business running smoothly. AT TIME ZONE (Transact-SQL) 06/11/2019; 3 minutes to read +2; In this article. It help users to perform many actions easily in Linux system. However, this might not be accurate. The default and recommended timezone for servers is UTC, which keeps the entire Linux world free from Daylight Saving Time confusion and other time mishaps. timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. More Information There are two levels, or tiers, of Network Time Protocol (NTP) time servers that are available on the Internet. Linux check at /etc/localtime to determine the current time of your machine. My first idea was using the UTC-06 zone file, but for some weird reason it provides UTC+6, not UTC-6 time!. This policy describes our current privacy practices for the Oath Communications brands, websites, features, products, apps, software and other services (“Communications Services”). The tz database is also known as tzdata, the zoneinfo database or IANA time zone database, and occasionally as the Olson database, referring to the founding contributor, Arthur David Olson. Skyline ATS Chicago Training Headquarters 9501 W. NinjaTrader's trading software & futures brokerage equips traders with an award-winning trading platform & low commissions for futures trading. Whether you're looking for an award-winning Android smartphone, a retro favourite or your next accessory, you'll find it here at Nokia Phones. I upgraded the database to 10. When I click on the individual appointment it shows 2 times the central timezone and the eastern timezone. The PHP development team has announced the release of PHP 7. com Linux Tips, Tricks & News Today ! - Through on this article you will get idea to Set/Change time, date & timezone on Linux on RHEL, CentOS, Ubuntu & Mint, Debian, Fedora & openSUSE. The thick yellow line shows where sunset and sunrise are currently occurring. At TiVo, we’re passionate about making your TV experience the absolute best it can be. The same applies if UNIX_TIMESTAMP() returns the wrong value. r15 - 2013-04-11 - 21:12:10 - SteveKostecke You are here: NTP > Servers Web > StratumOneTimeServers NTP users are strongly urged to take immediate action to ensure that their NTP daemons are not susceptible to being used in distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. The time difference is one hour ahead of GMT or GMT+1. The Microsoft Tech Community i. php, the Default timezone changes to America/Chicago instead of UTC. your syntax for the DC appears to be correct as long as it can contact the internet over NTP port 123 to pull down the time. Consider that as a Linux machine boots up, it executes the shell scripts in /etc/rc. Click on Yes to automatically download the ActiveGS emulator and disk images in Internet Explorer. Some Handy Linux Command Line Tricks Delete All JSON files in a directory. The timezone is set to US/Central, but the Date object in node doesn't seem to recognize this. Store documents online and access them from any computer. Magento is leading enterprise-class e-commerce platform built on open source technology combining powerful features with flexibility and user friendly interface. Many have complained about the date/time panel app, that the network time thing doesn't work (I have the same problem) and that time zones can't be changed easily (!!, and I have that, too), but the dumbest thing is that I can't even change the time manually anymore. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Parts of Australia, Chatham Islands, Fiji, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand and Samoa do use Daylight Saving Time. Galvanize creates and hosts dozens of events each week - from meetups to hackathons and everything in between. We also strive to make all content in Speedtest apps accessible. me with you, anywhere. Remember that Silverlight cannot provide any help whatsoever. So, I'm pretty sure that has been successfully updated, but it's like cron is hanging on to the old setting. ini on Linux/Unix platforms-Duser. Find where to watch TV & movies and discover what's hot. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. The following linux command will list all timezones. In this articles we learn systemd commands for linux system administration. summary changed from settings. Country unavailable. Joomla's PR man, Peter Russell, is an Australian who resides in Yorkshire, UK. Watch what you want, when you want – including HD and protected content – all around your home. XMLTV is a collection of tools to obtain, manipulate, and search TV Listings. If you are new to TimeZone, please read the Guidelines. ' Different countries follow different time zones and this page will help you find out countries and their time zones and list of cities coming withing one timezone. This is on Windows ME using the test server. And now we re-ask the question posed by Chicago, 'Does anyone really know what time it is?'. exe) lies at C:\Windows\System32 location. SWC Technology Partners is an award-winning provider of IT solutions, bringing together the people, process and technology to deliver business value to mid-market organizations. Join Coursera for free and transform your career with degrees, certificates, Specializations, & MOOCs in data science, computer science, business, and dozens of other topics.